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        九年級上學期英語50條易考知識梳理

        來源:學大教育     時間:2021-05-28     

        九年級的英語難點如果不好好復習的話,很容易影響到后期的考試。其實想要學好英語也不難,主要提高成績的方法就是認真復習。通過以下的一些復習,相信大家在學習英語知識的時候一定會有所提升,今天就帶大家一起學習九年級英語50條易考知識。

        1.Check in : 在旅館的登記入住。 Check out: 在旅館結賬離開。

        2.By: ①通過…..方式(途徑)。例:I learn English by listening to tapes.

        ②在…..旁邊。例:by the window/the door

        ③乘坐交通工具 例:by bus/car

        ④在……之前,到……為止。例:by October在10月前

        ⑤被 例:English is spoken by many people.

        3.how與what的區別:

        how通常對方式或程度提問,意思有:怎么樣 如何,通常用來做狀語、表語。

        what通常對動作的發出者或接受者提問,意思為 什么,通常做賓語,主語。

        ①How is your summer holiday? It’s OK.(how表示程度 做表語)

        ②How did you travel around the world? I travel by air.

        ③What do you learn at school? I learn English, math and many other subjects.

        ① What…think of…? How…like…?

        ② What…do with…? How…deal with…?

        ③ What…like about…? How…like…?

        ④ What’s the weather like today? How’s the weather today?

        ⑤ What to do? How to do it?

        e.g. What do you think of this book?=How do you like this book?

        I don’t know what I should do with the matter.=I don’t know how I should deal with it.

        What do you like about China?=How do you like China?

        I don’t know what to do next step?=I don’t know how to do it next step?

        ㊣ What good / bad weather it is today!(weather為不可數名詞,其前不能加 a )

        ㊣ What a fine / bad day it is today! (day為可數名詞,其前要加 a )

        4. aloud, loud與loudly的用法 : 三個詞都與"大聲"或"響亮"有關。

        ①aloud是副詞,重點在出聲能讓人聽見,但聲音不一定很大,

        常用在讀書或說話上。通常放在動詞之后。aloud沒有比較級形式。

        如: He read the story aloud to his son.他朗讀那篇故事給他兒子聽。

        ②loud可作形容詞或副詞。用作副詞時,常與speak, talk, laugh等動詞連用,多用于比較級,須放在動詞之后。如:

        She told us to speak a little louder. 她讓我們說大聲一點。

        ③loudly是副詞,與loud同義,有時兩者可替換使用,但往往

        含有令人討厭或打擾別人的意思,可位于動詞之前或之后。如:

        He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不當眾大聲談笑。

        5. voice 指人的嗓音 也指鳥鳴。

        sound 指人可以聽到的各種聲音。

        noise 指噪音、吵鬧聲

        6. find + 賓語 + 賓補(名詞 形容詞 介詞短語 分詞等)

        例:I find him friendly. I found him working in the garden.

        We found him in bed. He found the window closed.

        We found her honest.

        7. 常見的系動詞有:

        ①是:am 、is、 are

        ②保持:keep、 stay

        ③ 轉變:become、 get、 turn

        ④ ……起來 feel、 look、 smell、 taste、 sound

        8. get + 賓語+賓補(形容詞 過去分詞 動詞不定式) 使某種情況發生

        例:Get the shoes clean. 把鞋擦干凈

        Get Mr. Green to come. 讓格林先生進來

        I want to get my bike repaired. 我想去修自行車

        You can’t get him waiting. 你不能讓他老等著

        9. 動詞不定式做定語

        ①與所修飾的名詞構成主謂關系

        The next train to arrive was from New York. He is always the first to come.

        ②與所修飾的名詞構成動賓關系

        I have nothing to say. I need a pen to write with.

        I need some paper to write on. I don’t have a room to live in.

        10. practice , fun 做名詞為不可數名詞

        11. add 補充說 又說

        12. join 加入某團體 并成為其中一員 attend 出席參加會議或講座

        join in與take part in指參加到某項活動中去。

        13.all、 both、 always以及every復合詞與not連用構成部分否定。其完全否定為:all---none, both---neither, everything---nothing, everybody---nobody.

        14. be afraid of doing sth. / sth.害怕 be afraid of being alone

        be afraid to do sth.害怕

        be afraid that恐怕擔心,表示委婉語氣

        15.either:①放在否定句末表示“也”

        ②兩者中的“任一”

        ③either…or…或者…或者.…引導主語部分,謂語動詞按照就近原則

        16.complete完成,是個較正式的詞,后不能接動名詞

        finish指日常事物的完成

        17.a,an 與序數詞連用表示“又一”,“再一”。

        例:Please give me a second apple. There comes a fifth girl.

        18.have trouble/difficult/problem (in) doing….. 干…..遇到麻煩,困難

        19.unless 除非,如果不,等于“if not”本身就表示否定,引導條件狀語從句,主句為將來時,條件狀語從句用一般現在時表示將來。

        例:My baby sister doesn’t cry unless she’s hungry.

        =My baby sister doesn’t cry if she isn’t hungry.

        Unless you take more care, you’ll have an accident.

        如果你不多加小心的話,你會出事的。

        20.instead: adv. 代替,更換。

        例:We have no coffee, would you like tea instead?

        我們沒有咖啡了,改喝茶好嗎?

        It will take days by car, so let’s fly instead.

        開車去要好幾天呢,咱們還是坐飛機吧。

        Tom was ill, so I went instead.湯姆病了,所以換了我去。

        instead of doing sth. 作為某人或某事物的替換

        例:Let’s play cards instead of watching TV.

        We sometimes eat rice instead of potatoes.

        Give me the red one instead of the green one.

        21.spoken 口頭的,口語的。spoken English 口頭英語

        speaking 講話的,說某種語言的。Speaking skills講英語的能力

        22. 提建議的句子:

        ①What/ how about +doing sth.? 如:What/ How about going shopping?

        ②Why don’t you + do sth.? 如:Why don’t you go shopping?

        ③Why not + do sth. ? 如:Why not go shopping?

        ④Let’s + do sth. 如: Let’s go shopping

        ⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.? 如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

        23. a lot 許多 常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了許多。

        24. too…to 太…而不能 常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth.

        如:I’m too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想說。

        25. not …at all 一點也不 根本不 如:

        I like milk very much. I don’t like coffee at all.

        我非常喜歡牛奶。我一點也不喜歡咖啡。

        not經常可以和助動詞結合在一起,at all 則放在句尾

        26.be / get excited about sth.=== be / get excited about doing sth.

        === be excited to do sth. 對…感興奮 如:

        I am / get excited about going to Beijing.===

        I am excited to go to Beijing. 我對去北京感到興奮。

        27. ① end up doing sth 終止做某事,結束做某事 如:

        The party ended up singing. 晚會以唱歌而結束。

        ② end up with sth. 以…結束 如:

        The party ended up with her singing. 晚會以她的歌唱而告終。

        28. first of all 首先

        to begin with 一開始

        later on 后來、隨

        29. also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中間

        either 也(用于否定句)常在句末

        too 也 (用于肯定句) 常在句末=as well

        30. make mistakes 犯錯

        mistake sb. for …把……錯認為……

        make mistakes (in) doing sth. 在干某事方面出錯

        by mistake 錯誤地;由于搞錯

        mistake---mistook----mistaken

        如:I often make mistakes. 我經常犯錯。

        I mistook him for his brother.我錯把他認成了他的哥哥。

        make a mistake 犯一個錯誤 如: I have made a mistake.

        我已經犯了一個錯誤。

        31. laugh at sb. 笑話;取笑(某人)

        如:Don’t laugh at me!不要取笑我!

        32. take notes 做筆記,做記錄

        33. enjoy doing sth . 喜歡做…樂意做… 如:

        She enjoys playing football. 她喜歡踢足球。

        enjoy oneself 過得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他過得愉快。

        34. native speaker 說本族語的人

        35. one of +(the+ 形容詞比較級)+名詞 形式 …其中之一

        如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受歡迎的教師之一。

        36. It’s +形容詞+(for sb. ) to do sth. (對于某人來說)做某事…

        如:It’s difficult (for me ) to study English.對于我來說學習英語太難了。

        句中的it 是形式主語,真正的主語是to study English

        37. practice doing 練習做某事 如:

        She often practice speaking English. 她經常練習說英語。

        38. decide to do sth. 決定做某事 如:

        LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已經決定去北京。

        39. deal with 處理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.

        40. worry about sb./ sth. 擔心某人/ 某事

        如:Mother worried about his son just now. 媽媽剛才擔心他的兒子。

        41. be angry with sb. 對某人生氣 如:

        I was angry with her. 我對她生氣。

        42. perhaps === maybe 也許

        43. go by (時間) 過去 如: Two years went by. 兩年過去了。

        44. see sb. / sth. doing 看見某人正在做某事 強調正在發生

        see sb. / sth. do 看見某人在做某事 如:

        如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom.她看見他正在教室里畫畫。

        45. each other 彼此

        46. regard… as … 把…看作為…. 如:

        The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 這些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

        47. too many 許多 修飾可數名詞 如:too many girls

        too much 許多 修飾不可數名詞 如:too much milk

        much too 太 修飾形容詞 如:much too beautiful

        48. change… into… 將…變為…

        如:The magician changed the pen into a book. 這個魔術師將這本書變為一本書。

        49. with the help of sb. == with one’s help 在某人的幫助下

        如:with the help of LiLei == with LiLei’s help 在李雷的幫助下

        50. compare … to … 把…與…相比

        如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky.你和安娜相比,你是幸運的。

        英語的知識難點比較多,但是英語對我們又是非常重要,和我們的生活有著息息相關的關系,所以說學好英語知識還是很有必要的。希望通過以上內容的學習,大家對英語知識有更多的了解。

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